Maine Immigration

Learn more about African American experiences in Maine

John and Sarah Williams Young shown around 1864, lived in Hallowell.


Learn more about Albanian experiences in Maine

Albanian immigrant Thomas Economy owned a grocery market in Rockland.


Learn more about Armenian experiences in Maine

Popkins Zakarian was part of America's first Armenian settlement in Portland.


Learn more about Toy Len Goon's experiences in Maine

Toy Len Goon of Guangdong, China moved Portland, owned a laundry business, and became America's Mother of the Year in 1952.


Learn more about Chinese experiences in Maine

Immigration laws that had barred Chinese since 1882 changed in the 1960s and the number of Chinese coming to Maine grew quickly.


Learn more about French Canadian experiences in Maine

The French Canadians who emigrated from Quebec or New Brunswick to work in the mills put down roots in Maine.


Learn more about German experiences in Maine

Conrad Heyer was the descendant of some of the first German immigrants to Maine.


Learn more about Greek experiences in Maine

Anthony Petropulos immigrated to America in 1897, and moved to Lewiston where he became a policeman.


Learn more about Irish experiences in Maine

Agnes Kerr lived in Portland. Her grandparents emigrated from Ireland.


Learn more about Italian experiences in Maine

Protasio Neri moved from Carrarra, Italy. He was a skilled statuary cutter who worked for the Hallowell Granite Works.


Learn more about Lewiston's Irish, French, and Somali experiences in Maine

With each new immigrant wave, the people of Lewiston have evolved their perceptions of, and reactions to newcomers.


Learn more about Russian Jewish experiences in Maine

The Unobskey family were some of the first Russian Jews in Downeast Maine. They owned a clothing store and were leaders in the community.


Learn about Pilgrims and the Mayflower Society in Maine

Maine was part of Massachusetts when the Pilgrims—perhaps the most legendary immigrants to America—arrived on the Mayflower in 1620.


Learn more about Swedish experiences in Maine

Mr. and Mrs. Nils Olson were among the first pioneers who settled in New Sweden in 1870.


Learn more about New Mainer experiences in Maine

What does home mean? See the items immigrants brought to Maine in their luggage.

New Brunswick Immigration

Much of the English-Canadian population of New Brunswick descended from Loyalists who fled the American Revolution. This is commemorated in the province's motto, Spem reduxit ("hope was restored"). There is also a significant population with Irish ancestry. This was the result of waves of Canadian Immigration from Ireland, after each successive potatoe famine, especially in Saint John and the Miramichi Valley. People of Scottish descent have immigrated to ths region because of the geography is similar to their native land. They are scattered throughout the Province with higher concentrations in the Miramichi and in Campbellton.

First Nations in New Brunswick include the Mi'kmaq and Wolastoqiyik (Maliseet). The first European settlers, which can be considered our earliest Canadian immigrats, the Acadians, are today survivors of the Great Expulsion (1755) which drove several thousands of French residents into exile in North America, the UK and France for refusing to take an oath of allegiance to King George III during the French and Indian War. American Acadians, who wound up in Louisiana and other parts of the American South, are often referred to as Cajuns.

More recently, the Atlantic region attracted a slightly larger share of recent immigrants who came to Canada between 2001 and 2006. According to the Canada 2006 Census, during this period, an estimated 13,500 immigrants settled in the Atlantic region, or 1.2% of the 1.1 million Canadian immigrants. 26,400 of the Canadian immigrants during this time settled in New Brunswick, with the United States being the top source country.