The Tribal Cultures of the Fundy-Acadia Region

the passamaquoddy & Penobscot Peoples

The Passamaquoddy and Penobscot Indians are the descendants of Native American peoples who inhabited Maine and western New Brunswick since well before recorded history. Traditionally they lived most of the year in family band camps that relocated on a seasonal basis, relying upon hunting, fishing, and gathering for their subsistence needs. They maintained a very fluid social organization based on patrilineal kinship that allowed multiple marriage and residence options, frequent migration, and easy division or merging of social groups. Both groups speak closely related Algonquian languages, although anthropologists generally group the Passamaquoddies linguistically with the Maliseets and the Penobscots with the Abenakis. [Learn More]

The Wabanaki Confederacy

The Wabanaki Confederacy (Wabenaki, Wobanaki, translated roughly as "People of the First Light" or "People of the Dawnland") are a First Nations and Native American confederation of five principal nations: the Mi'kmaq, Maliseet, Passamaquoddy, Abenaki, and Penobscot. [Learn More.]

Other Resources

Abbe Museum

Waponahki Museum, Pleasant Point, Maine

Passamaquoddy Tribe

People of the Dawn

New Brunswick Aboriginal Affairs