Close to downtown Eastport, the easternmost city in the United States, Shackford Head State Park encompasses 90 acres on Moose Island overlooking Cobscook Bay. This promontory at the entrance to Cobscook Bay encircles the west side of Broad Cove.
Several miles of trails cross the headland. A hiking trail from the parking area leads through woods to a rocky headland 173 feet above sea level, passing several pocket beaches and protected coves. From this outlook, visitors can see Campobello Island in New Brunswick, Canada, the town of Lubec, and the Eastport cargo pier on Estes Head, as well as aquaculture pens where Atlantic salmon are raised. Park trails afford great opportunities for wildlife watching as well - with warblers and hermit thrushes in the woodland areas, and bald eagles, common terns and spotted sandpipers along the shore. Ornithologists have documented 28 different bird species nesting on the headland.
The Bold Coast Scenic Byway gives travelers personal access to a way of life historically bound to the wild and scenic coastal environment.
Active fishing villages, working-forests, family farms, and prolific blueberry barrens reflect this relationship as people continue to harvest the seasonal bounty of land and sea, much as their ancestors have done for centuries.
The Bold Coast Scenic Byway provides a first-hand experience of a hard-working, hands-on culture. Communities are functional rather than flashy, and relationships are steeped in genealogical and geographical history. People are proud, resourceful, cautious, and humble just as much as they are quick with a witty comment and an invitation to join them for supper. Visitors are welcomed unassumingly to this far-flung world, to learn, share, and enjoy the daily rhythms of living, working, and playing in the Bold Coast region of Maine. All it takes is patience, curiosity, and a casual conversation with a local for the visitor to become well along their way to discovering the hidden treasures, unique characters, and unforgettable experiences of the Bold Coast of Maine.
The wildlife-rich waters of Cobscook Bay surround this 888-acre park on three sides. Cobscook, the Maliseet-Passamaquoddy tribal word for “boiling tides,” aptly describes this setting where the tidal range averages 24 feet and can reach 28 feet (compared to a 9-foot average tide along Maine’s southernmost coast).
The Bay’s productive food web nourishes more than 200 bird species. Attracted by Cobscook Bay’s sheltered coves, mudflats, and eelgrass beds, thousands of shorebirds stop over each fall to rest and forage as they migrate south from northern breeding grounds. The Bay’s inner coves support a quarter of Maine’s wintering black ducks and the state’s highest concentration of bald eagles.
Cobscook Trails Project: The trails on Cobscook Bay State Park are part of a larger network of hiking trails in known as Cobscook Trails. Cobscook Trails is a cooperative project of conservation landowners and community partners that seeks to expand opportunities for nature-based recreation and tourism in eastern Washington County.
New Brunswick Trails
The Fundy Trail takes you straight to the wonders of the Bay of Fundy, accessibly and conveniently.
The ultimate Bay of Fundy eco-experience.
Attractions Canada “Natural Outdoor Site” winner.
A seasonal multi-use coastal experience and spectacular from every view... whether by motorcoach, car, biking, kayaking, walking or hiking the trails.
Scenic lookouts, footpaths to beaches and a suspension footbridge.
The Big Salmon River Interpretive Centre is a historical re-creation of the area’s logging, fishing, and shipbuilding days with interpretive displays, historic artifacts.
Guided tours to Sea Captains Burial Grounds and day adventures for the whole family to the famous Hearst Lodge.
Many lookouts are wheelchair-accessible. Parking lots, washrooms, and rest stops can be found all along the trail.
Caughey-Taylor Nature Preserve is a 240 hectare (600 acre) preserve stretching along Taggart’s Brook and marsh, surrounding Sam Orr’s Pond, to Birch Cove and Berry Point on Bocabec Bay, part of the Bay of Fundy. It is 12 km north-east of St. Andrews on Hwy 127.
This preserve, near Bocabec, encompasses the famous Sam Orr’s Pond, a brackish pond created from glacial movements 30,000 years ago. Two sills of hard basaltic rock form a dam between the pond and the ocean. There are actually two ponds. The tide comes into the lower (outer) pond some of the time while the upper pond (inner) only receives salt water at very high tides. The pond is a unique combination of salt and fresh water and, because it is shallow, remains relatively warm compared to other brackish ponds in the area. This is the only habitat along the Bay of Fundy where quahog (Mercenari amercenaria) are found. It also plays host to assemblages of plants and animals found nowhere else on this coastline.
The hills surrounding Sam Orr’s Pond were originally covered with local climactic vegetation of spruce, fir, cedar, beech, maple and birch. Today, there is a considerable second growth that has overgrown fields and clear cuts. The surrounding marsh supports dense populations of grasses and marsh plants. Wigeon sea grass, Ruppia marina and Zostera marina are the dominant pond plants while Fucus vesiculosus and Enteromorpha sp. are common in the rapids. Enteromorpha dominates the isolated ponds in the marsh.
Local residents have been hiking on Simpson Hill for millennia no doubt, but the trails currently in place began in 1982. They highlight natural features, mosses, lichens, trees, ledges and valleys that represent the diversity of the mountain, and provide areas for people to enjoy the views and experience the solitude of the wilderness. Our objective is that Simpson Hill be maintained as a nature preserve. Along with the Ganong Nature and Marine Park and the Devils Head Conservation Area across the river, it forms part of a "triangle of beauty" sure to delight our children, grandchildren, and visitors from around the world.
Did you know that estuaries are considered the most productive ecosystems in the world?
Home to thriving communities of fish, birds and terrestrial wildlife, Musquash is no exception. The diversity of ecosystems in Musquash is extraordinary, and includes each of the habitat types found in the greater Bay of Fundy region:
cobble and sand beaches
Many birds, including American black duck, common eider, red-breasted merganser and broad-winged hawk, nest and rear their young in Musquash.
Moose, black bear, bobcat and white-tailed deer also live in the surrounding forests.
Herring Cove Provincial Park is a nature-lover’s island paradise located on Campobello Island on New Brunswick’s Bay of Fundy.
The park is a hiker’s delight offering 6 unique trails of varying lengths. Hike the Carriage Road through a forest of ancient spruce, across log bridges and around a small pond, or follow an old logging road once used by the Roosevelts.
Around the 1.6-km (1-mi.) long beach, you will find sea urchins, a rich bog and sheer cliffs. Wildlife and birdlife abound at Herring Cove. Bald eagles, osprey and beavers are among the many species that can be observed along the trails at the park.
The Park's walking trails lead through and to many interesting and picturesque locations. They are designed to offer short hikes, individually, or moderate to long hikes when traveled in combination.
Views from the trails include shaded forests, marsh, bogs, small secluded coves, cobble, sand and gravel beaches, cliffs and headlands. Observation decks at Friar’s Head,Eagle Hill Bog, Lower Duck Pond, and Liberty Point offer panoramic views. Self-guiding tour handouts of the Friar’s Head Trail and Eagle Hill Bog are available at the Visitor Centre.
Part of what makes the Ganong Nature Park so unique is the surrounding estuary. The estuary encompasses approximately 180 acres of inter-tidal beach zone and you are encouraged to explore the ocean floor at low tide. In total, the property is 350 acres, located just minutes outside of St. Stephen, New Brunswick. The surrounding forest, fields and beach provide a multitude of hands-on experiences.
Currently, the Ganong Nature Park has 8 hiking trails. Visitors are advised to wear suitable clothing and footwear and take a bottle of water with you. Hiking trails range from moderate to easy.